Islam Medieval Europe Ottoman Empire




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It is possible to save all humanity and even all living things from the cruelties of the Western oppressors only if we adhere to the Ottoman mentality again.

We don’t tell this to flap our jaws, as the historical facts show. [1] Quite recently, Former Prime Minister of Sweden, Carl Bildt penned an article titled “Preserving the Ottoman Mosaic” and briefly meant “Ottomans are gone, so did the tranquillity.”[2]

The value given to animals by the Ottoman Empire, used to be called “barbarian” by the Europeans at those times, is not given to even people today.

Moreover, in her book “Prohibitions in the Ottoman Empire” Nermin Taylan narrates that in the Ottoman Empire there was a ban on loading packhorse and donkeys on Fridays. She says:

“In the Ottoman Empire people used donkeys in the transportation of wood, soil, and bricks until 1853. In a pronouncement during the reign of Sultan Abdülmecid, as Friday is a special day for believers, the use of donkeys and horses in the transportation of wood, soil and bricks on Fridays was forbidden and it was even forbidden to ride or use donkeys and horses in external jobs.”[3]


Document referred to in footnote 3


Prof. Dr. Vahdettin Engin gives more detailed information on this subject:

“In the Ottoman society, much attention was always shown in treating animals well. There are many examples of this. We know that as early as the 16th century, a decree was issued by the Sultan on not loading the pack animals more than they could carry. For example, in 1587, this issue was addressed in a decree by Sultan Murad III. In the decree referred, the Sultan primarily emphasized that their owners should feed the animals well, then forbids the owners to load these animals more than they can tolerate.


Bird houses were fixed to the outer walls of important buildings including mosques, inns, bridges, libraries, schools, and fountains… The Ayazma Mosque, located in Üsküdar/Istanbul


This understanding continued for centuries. The fact that a similar subject was mentioned 300 years later, in 1856, proves this point. In a document in the Ottoman archives dates October 2, 1856, the regulations which had long been applied in order to make pack animals well treated, were reminded to animal owners. It is firstly emphasized in the document that packhorses were taking a break on Fridays as was the custom. Thus, packhorses would rest a day in a week. But the rule was not limited to this. Assuming that the owners could use the packhorses for riding purpose on these days, another measure that had been in effect for a long time was developed. Iron bars were nailed on the saddles so that their owners could not get on horsebacks during holidays.


Bu görselin boş bir alt özelliği var; dosya ismi: animals-in-the-ottoman-empire-animals-in-islam-animal-right-in-the-ottoman-empire-animals-in-ottoman-animal-right-in-islam2.jpg


It is understood that there were some problems in the practice of this rule in 1856. It was detected that craftsmen who used horses in the transportation of bread, vegetables, coal etc., also used them for riding purpose on Fridays, when animals were supposed to be on a break. As this was against the regulations long applied, authorities took action and warned the Şehremaneti (Municipality) and the heads of tradesmen associations about the issue. Pack animals were to work six days, and rest one day. They were not to be mounted in the day of break. Against any mistreatment, the officers in charge were to keep the tradesmen under regular control. 

In fact, it is seen that this event, which seems rather simple, contains very important messages when thought about a little bit. It is necessary to admit that even today this sensitivity for animals is an exemplary behaviour.”


The text of the document:

My honoroble Sir,

As there is no need for an explanation, it is the custom that porters rest on Fridays and packhorse owners are to nail iron bars on the saddles so that they can’t get on them when the animals are idle. However, for a while, this procedure was not followed, and Fridays have not been made holiday, and the owners get on the unloaded horses and knocked over some children. This behaviour is inappropriate and is never licit. From now on, they must be decisively compelled to make Fridays holiday and nail their saddles. Also, to notify Şehremaneti (Municipality) authorities about making necessary notification to porters and to kethüdas of tradesmen who carry bread and vegetables and keeping craftsmen under regular control was told to be informed to you by Meclisi Vala and a missive is sent to take necessary actions. October 2, 1856.”[4]


Bu görselin boş bir alt özelliği var; dosya ismi: animals-in-the-ottoman-empire-animals-in-islam-animal-right-in-the-ottoman-empire-animals-in-ottoman-animal-right-in-islam3.jpg


In his book “Turkey; the awakening of Turkey”, English journalist Edward Frederick Knight who had been in the Ottoman Empire, could not help writing the following about animal love of our ancestors:

“In no European country are animals treated so kindly as they are in Turkey. A Turk never ill-uses his horse or his ox or his domestic pets, and the wonderful tameness of these creatures in Turkey testifies to this good trait. In Constantinople the pariah dogs lie about the streets in their tens of thousands; they live partly on garbage and partly on the scraps of food which even very poor Turks put out for them. These dogs, though fighting among themselves, display nothing but friendship for, and confidence in, man. They never move for one as they sprawl across the narrow pavements, for they know that no Turk would have the heart to kick them out of the way.”[5]


From the book mentioned in the 5th footnote


The main reason that the Ottoman society showed compassion to animals was, in my opinion, the sensitivity in obeying the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). As a matter of fact, in a hadith it was narrated that, when the Prophet (pbuh) came across a starving camel he said, “Fear Allah for these dumb animals, ride them when they are fit to be ridden, and eat them when they are fit to be eaten.”[6]

In another hadith it was narrated that Anas ibn Malik (ra) said:

“Whenever we stay at a station (during a journey), we would not perform prayers unless the animals were unloaded.”[7]


The elephant hanged in the USA…


After all, remembering that cats were burned in Europe[8] and even an elephant was hanged in the USA in 1916[9], the Ottomans’ respect for living creatures will be understood better.[10] However, our “hero rulers” (Kemalist regime) preferred to be “westernized” rather than preserving this magnificent civilization.

Thus, a mentality occurred that issued a prosecution against, not even to a “human”, but against a “cow” named Gülsüm, because it damaged the bust of Ataturk.[11] Henceforth we have to see the corruption we are in.





[1] The following articles can be found on this subject:

[2] Carl Bildt, Project Syndicate, “Preserving the Ottoman Mosaic”, 30.11.2015

[3] Nermin Taylan, Osmanlı’da Yasaklar, Ekim Yayınları, Istanbul 2014, page 38.  Also see;

Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi, Sadaret Evrakı Mektubi Kalemi Nezaret ve Devair, 77/75. (Ottoman Archives)

[4] Vahdettin Engin, Cumhuriyetin Aynası Osmanlı, Yeditepe Yayınevi, 3. Baskı, Istanbul 2013. page 1-3.

[5] Edward Frederick Knight, Turkey; the avakening of Turkey; the Turkish revolution of 1908, Boston, Tokyo, J.B. Millet Company, 1910, page 8.

[6] Abu Dawud, Jihad, 44, (2548)

[7] Abu Dawud, Jihad, 44. (2551)

[8] For the cat burning incidents in Europe, see;

[9] For the story of the elephant executed in USA, see;

[10] For Prof. Dr. Ekrem Buğra Ekinci’s article on the subject, see;

[11] Hürriyet Newspaper, “Exile to Gülsüm, who broke the bust”, 13.5.2009.


The paper by Kadir Çandarlıoğlu was translated from Turkish into English by “Historical Reconstruction” Team.



Here you can only see the facts, the value Islam attaches to animals and the past of western society. Thanks to those who contributed.

Liked by 1 person

It would be great, because most of the muslims outside of Turkey think M.Kemal is a hero. An advice: I think you should change the theme of the website like the other one. Or maybe something different…

Liked by 2 people

Congratulations, I enjoyed reading your article on this obscured subject of “Animal rights” before modern times, although it is a hot subject nowadays amongst so-called animal rights groups usually supported by both Atheists – Laisist and enemy of Ottoman ruling days.
With this article basically, you proved to the public and the rest of the world at large that the Ottoman empire was sensitive enough to pay attention to animals within the land with written orders to protect animals while such protective rules were not established by the so-called advanced Western culture at the time.

May Allah grants success in your studies,.

Liked by 1 person

thank you for your efforts to reveal historical facts about late ottoman and so-called republic period incidents free from anti-islamist ataturkist/kemalist doctrine propagandas. we’ll look forward to your new topics.
btw “historical reconstruction” can easily be understood as creating a history which is not exist. i’ll advise to find a batter name to substitute it. for example “historical facts”.


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